Swiss Academies Factsheets

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 12, NO 3, 2017

Wasser in der Schweiz

Wasser ist in der Schweiz selten knapp und meistens gesundheitlich unbedenklich. Durch neue Konsummuster, die Klimaänderung und energiepolitische Entscheidungen verändern sich sowohl die Verfügbarkeit wie die Nutzung des Wassers. Der Schweiz steht wegen der Klimaänderung insgesamt nicht weniger Wasser zur Verfügung, aber die Sommer werden trockener. Der Verbrauch von Trinkwasser in der Schweiz sinkt seit Jahren. Demgegenüber brauchen Schweizerinnen und Schweizer immer mehr «virtuelles Wasser», mit welchem Lebensmittel und industrielle Güter wie Kleider im Ausland produziert werden.

Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz (2017) Wasser in der Schweiz. Swiss Academies Factsheets 12 (3)

factsheet1203_Wasser_d_2017 (pdf, 4.7 MB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 12, NO 2, 2017

Spotlight on climate in Switzerland – Briefly explained

The average surface temperature of the Earth has seen extraordinarily large increases since the middle of the 20th century – and we know why. It is primarily we humans who change the earth’s energy balance by releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Because of the particular sensitivity of its natural systems to climate change, Switzerland has a vested interest in a quick and comprehensive shift by the international community to a carbon-neutral economy and lifestyle.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2017) Spotlight on climate in Switzerland. Briefly explained. Swiss Academies Factsheet 12 (2)

pdf (pdf, 3.4 MB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 12, NO 1, 2017

Forschungsinfrastrukturförderung der Schweizerischen Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften

Forschungsinfrastrukturen (FI) sind Einrichtungen und/oder Dienstleistungen, die strukturierte und nach methodisch nachvollziehbaren wissenschaftlichen Kriterien erarbeitete Sammlungen von Informationen und Wissen der Forschung zur Verfügung stellen. Diese Informationssammlungen sind sowohl nachhaltig und nutzungsoffen konzipiert als auch allen interessierten Kreisen zugänglich. Die Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften SAGW ist eine der wichtigsten Trägerinnen von langfristigen Forschungsinfrastrukturen in der Schweiz. Dazu gehören Datensammlungen, Dokumentationssysteme, wissenschaftliche Zeitschriften und Editionen.

Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz (2017) Forschungsinfrastrukturförderung der Schweizerischen Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Swiss Academies Factsheet 12 (1)

pdf (pdf, 1.4 MB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 11, NO 6, 2016

Outdoor Sports Infrastructure Planning – Hiking and Mountain Biking

Hiking and mountain biking are extremely popular sports activities. Especially in mountain areas, they are the two main summertime leisure activities. Many natural habitats, however, have been affected by the frequent presence of large numbers of people; conflicts between different kinds of users have also arisen. This factsheet presents various planning tools for conflict prevention or resolution, and provides an overview of likely future challenges.

pdf (pdf, 1.1 MB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 11, NO 5, 2016

Ozone and smog: climate change threatens today’s success

Despite successful air pollution control measures, the level of ozone in ambient air has only decreased a little. This means that summer smog continues to endanger human health. As a result of climate change, hot summers as in 2003 and 2015 are likely to become more frequent and to again aggravate the ozone problem.

pdf, in German (pdf, 577.2 KB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 11, NO 4, 2016

New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future


Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2016) New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future. Swiss Academies Factsheets 11 (4).

pdf (pdf, 472.2 KB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 11, NO 3, 2016

Energy Strategy and health: what needs to be observed in the implementation of the Energy Strategy 2050

The implementation of the Energy Strategy 2050 will have positive and negative impact on public health. Overall, the Energy Strategy offers the possibility to essentially promote health, provided that possible problems are taken into account during the concrete implementation. This fact sheet provides an overview of health aspects affected by measures under the Energy Strategy.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2016) Energiestrategie und Gesundheit: 
Was bei der Umsetzung der Energiestrategie 2050 zu beachten ist. Swiss Academies Factsheets 11 (3)

pdf, in German (pdf, 516.4 KB)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 11, NO 2, 2016

Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries - Local Impacts, Global Links, and Knowledge Gaps

Switzerland occupies an important position in the global trade of hard and soft commodities. Companies headquartered within its borders directly or indirectly shape commodity extraction practices around the world, some of which carry considerable negative environmental and social risks on the ground, particularly in fragile contexts. Minimizing these risks and maximizing shared economic gains could enable mutually beneficial development and counteract persistent social and political inequality.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2016) Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries - Local Impacts, Global Links, and Knowledge Gaps. Swiss Academies Factsheets 11 (2). 

pdf (pdf, 2.4 MB)

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 11, No 1, 2016

Switzerland and the Commodities Trade

Switzerland has recently emerged as one of the world's most important hubs in the global trade of commodities. But its rise has been accompanied by concerns about transparency, appropriate regulation, and risks to resource-exporting developing countries.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2016) Switzerland and the Commodities Trade – Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Swiss Academies Factsheets 11 (1). pdf

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 10, No 2, 2015

Health and global change in an interconnected world

Current anthropogenic pressures on the biosphere are historically unprecedented, threatening the foundations of human health and well-being. This factsheet highlights the principal drivers of global change, placing particular emphasis on associated health impacts.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2015) Health and global change in an interconnected world – concerns and responsibilities for Switzerland. Swiss Academies Factsheets 10 (2). pdf

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 10, No 1, 2015

Foreign language school lessons in Switzerland

The debate held already in the 1970s on the introduction of foreign language lessons at primary school level is a very ideologically charged discussion.
The "basic paper" of the SAHS provides arguments for the debate.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2015) Foreign language school lessons in Switzerland – arguments for the debate. Swiss Academies Factsheets 10 (1). pdf (in German)

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 9, No 4, 2014

Align energy policy and climate protection with air pollution control

The implementation of the energy strategy shall correspond with the aims of air pollution control. While the combustion of wood in micro-cogeneration units has a positive effect on climate, this results in high fine dust emissions. Yet, air pollution control generally is well compatible with climate protection and energy strategy, because greenhouse gases and air pollutants usually originate from the same sources.

Download the Factsheet (pdf, in German; in French)

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL 9, NO 3, 2014

Les parcs suisses et la valeur ajoutée du tourisme

Le tourisme, domaine qui induit une valeur ajoutée répartie dans différentes branches de l'économie, constitue, pour les parcs naturels, les réserves de biosphère ou les parcs nationaux, un champ d'activités important. Toutefois, l'importance des effets des parcs pour le tourisme, en terme d'économie régionale, n'est souvent pas claire. La présente brochure d'information entend contribuer à combler cette lacune et fournit des recommandations sur la base des études réalisées sur la création de valeur ajoutée.

Knaus F, Backhaus N (2014) Les parcs suisses et la valeur ajoutée du tourisme. Swiss Academies Factsheets 9 (3). pdf

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 9, No 2, 2014

A Focus on fracking – potentials, opportunities and risks

Fracking facilitates the economic use of otherwise inaccessible gas resources, and is also used in deep geothermics. The factsheet published by the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences provides arguments for the discussion of these techniques.

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2014) A Focus on fracking – potentials, opportunities and risks. Swiss Academies Factsheets 9 (2). pdf

Swiss Academies Factsheets, Vol 9, No 1, 2014

Bees and other pollinators: their significance for agriculture and biodiversity

Honeybees and other insects are responsible for pollinating large numbers of plants, making them vital to the achievement of productive agriculture and functioning ecosystems. These pollinators are faced with a wide range of problems, however, and have suffered severe losses in terms of their overall numbers and the diversity of their species. The decline has affected not only honeybees, but also wild pollinators such as certain bumblebees and butterfly species. The factsheet highlights the various possible courses of action.

Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz (2014) Bienen und andere Bestäuber: Bedeutung für Landwirtschaft und Biodiversität. Swiss Academies Factsheets 9 (1). pdfGerman or French

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